Guide for Understanding ADHD - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Guide for Understanding ADHD - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

What is ADHD

Introduction

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, abbreviated as ADHD, is a psychiatric disorder, caused by problems in neurodevelopment and abnormal functioning of the brain. It usually involves the patient to be very inattentive and a evident lack of focus, the patient being hyperactive i.e. continuously fidgeting, and often reckless; taking rash decisions and doing activities which may seem inappopriate in the situation-they hardly take the consequences in account for their actions.

 

ADHD usually occurs at a young age, from six to twelve, and can continue from teenage years to adulthood.

 

How is ADHD bad?

ADHD can seriously hamper the lifestyles of people. For students, they will struggle with schoolwork and their grades will fall, and they will not be able to excel in academics. Moreover, they will also be considered rebellious due to their impulsive behavior and will be shunned in public. As for the adults, they will struggle to maintain and organize their plans, and will suffer in job performance as well. Their social relationships will also deteriorate, as their rash and often, inappopriate behavior may not be well-liked for their friends and family.

 

The Symptoms

Signs of ADHD usually include inattention- struggling to focus on one particular task and getting distracted very easily. It also causes acute disorganization and the person may end up losing stuff more than often. Also, they often lose focus while listening to a person talking-they tend to zone out and lose track of the conversation. For students, they struggle to catch what the teacher is saying quickly and usually fall behind the class.

 

Adults with ADHD seemingly do not enjoy tasks which require concentration and focus, and seem to avoid those as well. Patients of ADHD also tend to speak a lot, and often tend to make an inappopriate remark and blurt out comments which may not be very appreciable. They also cannot wait their turn in lines and games, and continously fidget, tap their feet and squirm in their seats.

 

Treatment For ADHD

Treatments for ADHD include drugs, like stimulants which boost focus temporarily, non-stimulants which do particularly the same but have lesser side effects, and in some cases, antidepressants. Behavorial therapy and counselling is also conducted on patients to make them recover. While there is no real cure discovered, it can be safely said that these methods can reduce the effect of ADHD by a large margin.

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